What is Erectile Dysfunction (ED)


What is ED?

Erectile Dysfunction or ED is a medical condition in which a male cannot achieve or maintain an erection long enough or well enough to perform sexual intercourse.1,2

The most common causes of ED are cardio-vascular conditions, chronic illnesses such as diabetes, high blood pressure, medication use, excessive alcohol consumption, smoking, stress and mental health problems.3,4

An estimated 40-to-50 per cent of men over the age of 40 experience some degree of ED,3,5 with many experiencing frequent or occasional erection difficulties.3

Medications can impact on ED. Diuretics, blood pressure tablets, anti-anxiety medicines, antidepressants, antiepileptic medications, antihistamines, muscle relaxants, chemotherapy medications and treatments for the management of Parkinson’s disease and prostate cancer increase the risk of ED.6

Is it genetic?

Genetics has been shown to be a factor in ED.6

Research reveals diseases that affect blood flow or nerve impulses throughout the body, such as kidney disease, stroke, multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease can also cause ED.6

Does stress or mental illness play a role in ED?

Stress, depression, poor self-esteem and performance anxiety can also short-circuit the process that leads to an erection, making the problem worse in men with an existing physical ED.6

How much does lifestyle play a part?

As the number of risk factors such as diabetes, heart and artery disease and obesity increase, the number of men with ED continues to grow.5  Studies indicate men who exercise regularly have a lower risk of ED.6

References
  1. Reisman Y. Urologist and Sexologist. Dutch Center Sexual Medicine (NCMS). Shock wave therapy a new treatment modality for erectile dysfunction. Review, Background and Results. ABSTRACT: Presented at Laser Europe 2014, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
  2. Renova® – Restoring Confidence, Erectile Function Renovation. http://shockwave-ed.com/clinica-and-news/videos.html [Last accessed October 7, 2014].
  3. Erectile Dysfunction Severity as a Risk Marker for Cardiovascular Disease Hospitalisation and All-Cause Mortality: A Prospective Cohort Study. PLOS Medicine, Jan 2013.
  4. I, Motil & T, Sramkova. Linear Low Intensity Shockwaves Treatment of Vasculogenic ED – First Results. 2014.
  5. Linear Shockwave Treatment for Erectile Dysfunction. AMHC Data on file, 2014.
  6. WebMD – Erectile Dysfunction Health Centre Slide Show: A visual guide to Erectile Dysfunction http://www.webmd.com/erectile-dysfunction/ss/slideshow-erectile-dysfunction [Last accessed October 9, 2014].
  7. Latest Treatment in Erectile Dysfunction – Renova® Australia. AMHC Data on file, 2014.
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